Hemorrhoids (1761)

Key points below

What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus or rectum. They can be inside the body (rectum) or outside the body (anus). They can cause itching and pain. Sometimes they can also bleed when your child poops. When hemorrhoids are outside the body, they might be seen or felt. Hemorrhoids are blue or purple when they are full of blood. Sometimes they look like loose skin if they are not full of blood.Hemorrhoids

What causes hemorrhoids?

Constipation is the most common cause. Constipation means your child’s poop is hard and dry. This makes it hard for them to poop. Sitting on the toilet and working hard to poop without being able to go (straining) can cause hemorrhoids. Your child’s poop should be soft and a normal size. It should be easy to flush down the toilet.

Should my child go to the doctor?

Your child should see a provider if there is any bleeding when they poop or if their poop looks black and sticky, like tar. No test is needed if a doctor can see the hemorrhoid during an exam. If there is a concern, your provider may suggest a test.

What treatments may help my child?

What can I do to keep my child from getting more hemorrhoids?

It is most important to keep your child from getting constipated. You child should:

Is surgery necessary?

Surgery is rarely done in children. Your doctor will let you know if it is needed.

Other teaching sheets that may be helpful


Call your child’s doctor, nurse, or clinic if you have any concerns or if your child:

  • has a hemorrhoid that will not disappear after they have gotten off the toilet.
  • has bleeding that does not stop.
  • has constipation that does not improve with treatment.
  • has special healh care needs not covered by this information.